Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif;">Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIKA) aims to provide forum exchanges and interfaces between researchers and related practitioners in the field of health. The journal only accepts articles from original research results (top priorities), case study articles (not priorities), and scientific studies of recent articles (not preferences). JIKA is a scientific journal that contains research papers from the field of health sciences includes: Medical and clinical research, nutrition and public health research, obstetrics management research, and nursing management research. </span><a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1396854522">p-ISSN: 2337-9847</a>, <a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1567240065">e-ISSN: 2686-2883</a>, <a href="https://doi.org/10.36590/jika">doi: 10.36590/jika</a></p> LPPM Akper Yapenas 21 Maros en-US Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan 2337-9847 Foot Strengthening Exercise on Postural Balance and Functional Ability of Foot on Children 6-10 Years Old with Flexible Flatfoot https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/69 <p><em>The activities of children more involve the foot. One of the common problems in the foot is flexible flatfoot. A disturbance in the process of the formation of the arch foot could result in a deformation of the foot and increases the risk of an injury due to postural balance change. Normally, the arch of the foot formed the first five years for the age range of 2-6 years. The right choices of the intrinsic muscle exercises of the foot can prevent deformation and improve postural balance. This study aimed to discuss the effectiveness of foot strengthening exercise to improving postural balance and functional ability of foot on a flexible flatfoot 6-10 years old. This study was pre-experimental research with two groups of pre-post test design. The subjects of this research were 30 students that had been divided into two groups, case, and control. Each group consists of 15 students selected used purposive sampling method based on the criteria of inclusion that had been set. There was a significant difference after foot strengthening exercise between the case and control group, p-value = 0,000. The foot strengthening exercise could improve the postural balance and functional ability of the foot on a flexible flatfoot 6-10 years old.</em></p> Zahra Sativani Riza Pahlawi Copyright (c) 2020 Zahra Sativani, Riza Pahlawi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 99 107 10.36590/jika.v2i3.69 Knowledge Have Correlation with Preventive Practice Covid-19 in College Students of Gorontalo https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/71 <p><em>Covid-19 is a disease caused by a new type of coronavirus that has never been identified as attacking humans before. Knowledge and attitudes are expected to have correlated with Covid-19 prevention behavior. The study aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude with Covid-19 prevention behavior among college students in Gorontalo.</em><em> This study was a quantitative study with a correlation analytic design. A sample of 187 subjects was taken randomly through the google form application which was distributed via WhatsApp to students in Gorontalo Province. Measurement variables of knowledge, attitudes and behavior to prevent Covid-19 were used a questionnaire with a Likert and Guttman scale. Data were analyzed using the Spearman correlation analysis. The results were showed that the subjects more female (79.7%) than male (20.3%). Many of the scientific fields were in the health sector (77.0%), while the domicile was more from outside the district and city of Gorontalo (52.9%). The average knowledge score was 82.47 ± 14.10, attitude score 80.48 ± 7.82 and Covid-19 prevention behavior score 83.36 ± 17.89. Correlation analysis showed that there was an association between knowledge and Covid-19 prevention behavior (r = 0.178; p-value = 0.015) with the degree of weak relationship and there was no association between attitudes and Covid-19 prevention behavior in students (r = -0.012; p-value = 0.874). T</em><em>here was a relationship between knowledge and Covid-19 prevention behavior.</em></p> Firdausi Ramadhani Nuryani Nuryani Copyright (c) 2020 Firdausi Ramadhani, Nuryani Nuryani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 108 117 10.36590/jika.v2i3.71 Obesity and Central Obesity in Indonesian Urban Communities https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/74 <p><em>Obesity is a problem in various parts of the world where its prevalence is increasing rapidly, both in developed and developing countries Obesity can occur because of an imbalance between the energy from the food that comes in, which is greater than the energy used by the body. This study aimed to see the characteristics of obesity and central obesity in adult society in urban areas of Indonesia. This study used a cross-sectional study, by analyzing advanced data on Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) in the biomedical field. The results of this study indicated that in general obesity and central obesity increase with age, with the highest prevalence being at the age of 40-59 years. Both obesity and central obesity were more prevalent in female subjects. Obesity and central obesity were also more common among subjects who graduated from high school and who work as housewives. Subjects of obesity and central obesity experienced more abnormalities in biomedical examination than those with normal BMI and abdominal circumference. For this reason, it is advisable to maintain a normal BMI and abdominal circumference, especially for adults. This study proves that there are significant differences in biomedical examination in those who are obese and not obese.</em></p> Septiyanti Septiyanti Seniwati Seniwati Copyright (c) 2020 Septiyanti Septiyanti, Seniwati Seniwati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 118 127 10.36590/jika.v2i3.74 Chronic Diarrhea in Children Under Five Years Old https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/76 <p><em>Diarrhea is an endemic disease in Indonesia and has the potential to cause outbreaks that are often accompanied by death, even the mortality rate during outbreaks in 2017, amounting to 1.97%, had not yet reached the expected target by the government, which is less than 1%. This study aims to determine the distribution of sex, age, nutritional status based on weight/age, and how to leave the hospital for chronic diarrhea patients and to know the correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age and death cases of chronic diarrhea in children under five years old treated at RSUD Dr. Soetomo in the period 2015-2019. This research was a retrospective analytical and descriptive study using secondary data from a patient's electronic medical record. Results showed that out of 45 chronic diarrhea patients, 28 (62,2%) were male, 16 (35</em><em>,</em><em>6%) children were in the 0 - 5 months age group, 18 (40,0%) children had good nutritional status, 39 (86,7%) children were discharged from the hospital,</em> <em>and there was a significant correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age and death cases of chronic diarrhea in children (p = 0,017). It could be concluded that the majority of children with chronic diarrhea were male, were in the 0 - 5 months age group, had good nutritional status, and were discharged from the hospital which meant that their condition had improved or cured and there was a significant correlation between nutritional status based on weight/age with death cases of chronic diarrhea in children</em><em>.</em></p> Grahana Ade Candra Wolayan I Gusti Made Reza Gunadi Ranuh Budiono Budiono Alpha Fardah Athiyyah Copyright (c) 2020 Grahana Ade Candra Wolayan, I Gusti Made Reza Gunadi Ranuh, Budiono Budiono, Alpha Fardah Athiyyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 128 134 10.36590/jika.v2i3.76 Giving Watermelon Juice on the Reduction of Blood Pressure of Young Adult Hypertension https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/112 <p><em>The incidence of hypertension in Southeast Sulawesi tends to increase each year. Many people with hypertension are tired of taking blood pressure-lowering drugs because they are addictive and have side effects. The objective of the study was to understand the effect of watermelon juice supplementation to decrease blood pressure on early adult hypertension sufferers in the working area of the Public Health Center of Poasia Kendari city. This study was a true experiment through pretest-posttest with a control group design. The sample size was 30 people who were determined by purposive sampling technique and was allocated by matching within 15 people for both treatment and control groups. The statistical test result showed that there were different blood pressure both systolic and diastolic blood pressures before and after receiving watermelon juice supplementation for 7 days with the dose was twice 350/gr/glass/day on treatment group with significance value ρ = 0,000 (α = 0,05). Meanwhile, for the control group, there was no different blood pressure before and after receiving supplementation with significance value ρ = 1,000 (α = 0,05) for systolic pressure and ρ = 0,499 for diastolic one. There was different blood pressure after receiving watermelon juice supplementation between treatment and control groups with significance value ρ =0,031 (α = 0,05) for systolic pressure and </em><em>p = 0,012</em> <em>for diastolic one. Hence, it’s concluded that there was a significant effect of watermelon juice supplementation to decrease the blood pressure on early adult hypertension sufferers.&nbsp; </em></p> Nurjannah Nurjannah Copyright (c) 2020 Nurjannah Nurjannah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 135 146 10.36590/jika.v2i3.112 Evaluation of Iron Tablet Supplementation Program of Female Adolescent in East Jakarta https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/56 <p><em>In Indonesia, anemia in adolescents increased from 37.1% in 2013 to 48.9% in 2018, with the proportion of anemia in the age group 15-24 years and 25-34 years. Female adolescents who have anemia will be at risk of anemia during pregnancy, at risk of giving birth to LBW, and stunting. This study was to evaluate an iron tablet supplementation program for female adolescents in Pasar Rebo Health Care. This study was evaluation research that used the qualitative method with purposive sampling in January - February 2020. A qualitative study was conducted by in-depth interviews with nutritionists, health teachers, school administrators, and female adolescents. Data were analyzed by content analysis, included input, process, and output. Quantitative data were also collected which is hemoglobin and iron tablet compliance. At the input stage, there were discrepancies in the facilities and infrastructure. At the process, stage nonconformities occur in distribution, monitoring, recording, and reporting. At the output, stage nonconformities occur in target accuracy, time, and distribution. There were still incompatibilities in its implementation in Pasar Rebo Health Care.</em></p> Mira Krisma Yudina Adhila Fayasari Copyright (c) 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 147 158 10.36590/jika.v2i3.56 Balanced Nutrition Counseling Intervention with Video Media on Changes in Nutrition Intake of Adolescent Girls https://ojs.yapenas21maros.ac.id/index.php/jika/article/view/113 <p><em>Women play an important role as determinants of the quality of future generations, therefore it is important to ensure that women's nutritional status does not have problems as early as possible. The risk of chronic lack of energy (KEK) in pregnant women because the mother has experienced KEK in adolescence, one of which is caused by the intake of nutrients that are not adequate. The purpose of this study was to find out the effect of nutritional counseling interventions balanced with video media on changes in the nutritional intake of </em><em>Adolescence Girls</em><em> of SMPN 1 Turikale Kab. Maros</em> This <em>research used experimental pre-design with one group of pre-post test design. Variable research on nutritional intake was measured before and after being given balanced nutrition counseling with video media. Data collection used online questionnaires and research subjects numbered 40 people, female gender. Statistical analysis used Kolmogorov and Paired t-test. The results showed that there was no difference in energy intake (p= 0.412), carbohydrate intake (p=0.052), and protein intake (p=0.559) before and after balanced nutrition counseling, but there were differences in fat intake (p=0.008) and iron intake (p=0.007) before and after balanced nutrition counseling. </em><em>It can be concluded that there was a significant change between fat intake and iron intake after receiving counseling.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Icha Dian Nurcahyani Copyright (c) 2020 Icha Dian Nurcahyani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 2 3 159 165 10.36590/jika.v2i3.113